Skin lesions, lipomas, and cysts can cause both physical and emotional distress for individuals. Not only can they can be aesthetically displeasing, but more importantly, they can be a health concern and contain cancerous cells.
What Are Skin Lesions, Lipomas and Cysts? How Can They be Treated?
A skin lesion is an area of skin that has an abnormal appearance compared to the surrounding skin. These can include skin tag, moles, cyst, lipomas, keloids, actinic keratosis, seborrheic keratosis, skin cancer, among many other things.
Some lesions can be benign, and be bothersome more for their aesthetic appearance, or because they cause physical discomfort. Others can be malignant, or cancerous. Lesions should be evaluated when they are first noticed, and carefully monitored to assess for potential concern. When possible, skin lesion removal is recommended.
Treating Skin Lesions
Treatment of skin lesions depends on the type of lesion, size, and physical location on the body.
This type of lesion is one of the most common and are usually harmless. At times, however, they can hide cancerous cells within them. They also cause discomfort based on their location, and make patients self-conscious due to their appearance.
- Surgical Excision: This allows for complete removal of the mole. The area is injected with local anesthesia, and the mole is excised entirely. The skin is then stitched closed, covered with surgical tape.
- Surgical Shave: For some moles, surgically shaving the lesion is the preferred method of removal. The area is injected with local anesthesia, and the mole is shaved off, leaving a flat surface. Stitches are not necessary in this procedure. After the procedure, the area is covered with a surgical dressing until fully healed.
Cysts can be both unsightly as well as painful. Recurrence can occur, and complete removal of the cyst as well as it’s surrounding sac, is the preferred method to prevent recurrence.
- Cyst Excision: The area is injected with local anesthesia. The cyst is excised completely to include its capsule. The skin is then stitched and covered with surgical tape.
Lipomas are fatty lumps under the skin. Usually benign, they tend to be aesthetically bothersome, and in some cases, they can be uncomfortable due to their location. If they begin to increase in size, they should to be evaluated carefully to determine if the cells are cancerous, in which case the lipoma should be removed quickly.
- Liposuction: Some lipomas can be treated with liposuction, particularly when they are soft and not well-defined. Only a very small incision is made to perform the procedure, and a compression garment is worn by the patient afterward.
- Lipoma excision: Often lipomas are firm and are a discrete mass, in which case the preferred treatment is surgical excision. Local anesthesia is injected, the cyst is removed in its entirety, and the incision is closed with stitches and covered with surgical tape.
Cysts are hollow pockets of dead skin cells that become trapped under the surface of the skin. There are various types of cysts, and treatment depends on type, location, and size. The approaches to treatment are similar as for that of lipomas, and the after a thorough exam, Dr. Mahmood will discuss which option is the most appropriate.
Skin lesions can be removed effectively. Ensuring success and minimizing scarring requires treatment by an experienced professional. For more information and to seek evaluation, contact Dr. Umbareen Mahmood at her Union Square, NY office.